Adult Vaccines

Adult Vaccines

 

Adult Vaccines

Our Canadian vaccination programs have been very successful against a variety of contagious diseases such as polio and measles. These vaccines save about 2.6 million child lives each year. However, vaccination is not just important for children, it is also important for adults.

 

Which Diseases are Vaccine Preventable?

  • Diptheria
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Influenza
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Meningococcal (Meningitis)
  • Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
  • Pneumonia (Pneumonia)
  • Polio
  • Rubella
  • Tetanus
  • Varicella (Chicken Pox)

Reasons Adults Need Vaccines Later in Life

  • Vaccines protect you and those around you from vaccine-preventable diseases. This includes those individuals who cannot be immunized such as babies, young children, pregnant women and people with medical conditions who have a weakened immune system.

 

  • As we age, the level of protection (number of antibodies) we once had from our childhood vaccines may decrease for some diseases. Receiving an extra dose (called a booster) of the vaccine for disease which we need extra protection can renew our protection.

 

  • Some individuals may not have received all of the doses needed of a vaccine series. This is why it is important to review your immunization records and have the antibody levels (called titers) if you are not certain of the level of protection you may have to vaccine preventable diseases.
  • Certain diseases are more prevalent in adults instead of children such as the shingles, pneumonia and influenza. Diseases such as pneumonia and flu can cause severe illness and death in older adults over the age of 60. As many as 70,000 adults die from pneumonia and the flu in the United States each year, this number could be greatly reduced with vaccines.

 

Recommended Vaccines for All Healthy Adults

Tetanus and Diptheria:  Every 10 years

Herpes Zoster:  At age 60 (may be given between 50-59 years if desired) This vaccine will start to be covered for those ages 65-70 starting in Fall 2016.

Influenza: Every year during flu season

Pertussis: 1 dose as adult

Pneumococcal : 1 dose at age 65 or greater

Additional Vaccines you may need as an Adult

Hepatitis A- 1 dose if going to an area at high risk for exposure or have had suspected exposure

Hepatitis B-1 booster dose or multiple if never received or completed vaccine series

HPV vaccine- 3 doses at age 26 or younger

Measles, Mumps, Rubella- 1 booster dose

Meningitis- 1 dose at age 24 years or younger

Varicella- 1 booster dose if have never had Chicken pox or vaccines or if antibody levels low

Travel vaccines- (i.e. Typhoid Fever) varies depending on where you are travelling.

 

 

Remember: not all individuals require the same vaccines. Talk to your health care provider to see what you need to be fully protected depending on your medical history, job, lifestyle and health risks.

 

References :

www. UpToDate.com

http://www.healthycanadians.gc.ca